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Exploring the Western NY Wilds: Sycamore trees


By Bob Confer

I write about nature and natural places in Allegany County, but my home is in Niagara County.

I live on what has been the family farm since the 1950s. It once had three large barns that were all built in 1852. The last of them came finally down in 1997. Despite the quality of their construction, they couldn’t handle the elements and stand the test of time.

While man’s artistry failed, Mother Nature’s hasn’t.

Across what was once the barnyard stands a magnificent sycamore tree. That tree was there before those barns were built. According to circumference-based age calculations devised by botanists, that tree started growing in 1747 — 29 years before the USA was founded!

I won’t know how accurate that is until it comes crashing to the earth and I can count the rings, which I hope is not anytime soon.

It likely won’t be — the tree is still healthy and vibrant. It has survived 275 years of ice storms, strong winds, and insect pests and looks like it could survive 275 more.

The trunk comes in at a jaw-dropping circumference of 215 inches (18 feet), making it one of the largest and oldest sycamores in the state — it’s still dwarfed by the largest sycamore on New York’s Big Tree Register, a specimen in Dutchess County that has a circumference of 324 inches. Still, New York’s sycamores pale in comparison to those of the South, where more favorable growing conditions have allowed past giants to reach 15 feet in diameter (not circumference).

Our tree is a beautiful specimen. Then again, so are all sycamores.

The bark

Sycamores have the most attractive bark of all shade trees. It is constantly peeling and flaking and exposes a wide variety of colors. It is primarily white with patches of brown, green, and gray throughout. That mottled appearance can be compared to a jigsaw puzzle.

From a great distance away you will notice the white bark (no other tree of its size has it), the massive straight trunk and the broad crown. It’s not uncommon to see sycamores in excess of 70 feet in height.

The leaves

The leaves seem to be as massive as the trees themselves. Maple-like in appearance, they are four to eight inches long and even wider. They are bright green above and paler green below. In the fall they turn brown.

Sycamores are known to shed their leaves all summer long, so don’t assume that your tree is sick. Quite often, too, they will be the last of the trees to leaf out in late-spring, which can also put a scare in landowners, but fear not, it’s normal.

The fruit

Everything about these trees is big – including the fruit.

In the late fall you will see brown balls of one-half to almost two inches in diameter hanging from sycamores. They will be rock hard at first, but as the winter progresses they will soften considerably and then you can ply the ball apart to exposes hundreds of little seeds on puffs that could go airborne (like a dandelion or cattail). If you were interested in being a “Johnny Sycamoreseed,” you could take the fruits apart and spread them or plant them with ease.

East Niagara Post

Their use

Sycamores have provided a wide variety of uses to Man. They have been used as ornamental and shade trees. Their wood has been used for furniture, millwork, flooring and butcher blocks.

Where to find them

I wouldn’t consider sycamores to be common in Western New York. You’ll find them, but it will take some work. Luckily, they stick out from a distance because of the white bark.

They prefer wet (but not marshy) soils near stream banks and flood plains. So, to scout them out, look for creeks and streams – both small and large. In Allegany County there are, in places, some rather impressive stands of sycamores along the Genesee River that can be seen from fishing spots and the WAG Trail.

If you do get a chance to see one of these magnificent trees it will be an unforgettable experience. Bring a camera — and bring a baggy to keep a few of the fruits in. You might find some success growing one of these trees in your backyard and helping advance the population of this native species.   

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